Comorbidity among axis II diagnoses was common. Subjects met the criteria for an average of 2.4 personality disorder diagnoses (SD=1.6). The subjects with borderline personality disorder were more likely than those without borderline personality disorder to meet the criteria for histrionic (29.2% versus 5.6%; ? 2 =, df=1, p<0.0005), narcissistic (30.6% versus 15.7%; ? 2 =5.59, df=1, p=0.02), and antisocial (12.5% versus 3.7%; ? 2 =4.98, df=1, p=0.03) personality disorder. Subjects with paranoid personality disorder were more likely than those without paranoid personality disorder to meet the criteria for schizotypal (49.2% versus 20.5%; ? 2 =, df=1, p<0.0005), narcissistic (33.3% versus 15.4%; ? 2 =7.77, df=1, p=0.005), histrionic (23.5% versus 10.3%; ? 2 =5.90, df=1, p=0.02), and antisocial (12.7% versus 4.3%; ? 2 =4.34, df=1, p=0.03) personality disorder. Subjects with borderline personality disorder had a higher number of personality disorder diagnoses (other than borderline personality disorder) than subjects without borderline personality disorder (mean=2.3 diagnoses, SD=1.7, versus mean=1.8 diagnoses, SD=1.1; t=–2.35, df=178, p=0.02). Subjects with paranoid personality disorder also had a higher number of personality disorders (other than paranoid personality disorder) than subjects without paranoid personality disorder (mean=2.5 diagnoses, SD=1.7, versus mean=1.8 diagnoses, SD=1.1; t=–3.44, df=178, p=0.001).
Injury inside Young people otherwise Adolescence
Desk 2 suggests the newest frequency away from experience of traumatization during the childhood/puberty in subjects that have and you may instead borderline identity disease. Victims that have borderline character diseases had rather highest costs regarding actual punishment inside youngsters/puberty than simply subjects versus borderline personality diseases, which have sex controlled (52.8% rather than 34.3%; ? 2 =5.43, df=step 1, p=0.02), nevertheless teams failed to differ within rates regarding intimate punishment (29.2% as opposed to 19.4%; ? dos =1.46, df=step one, p=0.23) otherwise away from other kinds of shock within the teens/puberty.
Victims having paranoid identity illness plus got a notably higher level out-of actual discipline during the youngsters/adolescence than victims in place of paranoid character diseases, which have gender regulated (54.0% as opposed to thirty five.0%; ? dos =5.70, df=1, p=0.02). 4% instead of 22.2%; ? dos =0.23, df=1, p=0.63) otherwise from other sorts of shock for the young people/puberty. The latest contacts out-of youth/adolescent physical discipline with borderline character disease and with paranoid identity illness was in fact plus checked by using each one of the almost every other personality illness diagnoses due to the fact extra covariates, additionally the results was basically statistically equivalent.
Sufferers having antisocial character problems was indeed probably be as opposed to those versus antisocial character illness to have been bereaved during the youngsters (53.8% in place of 21.0%; ? 2 =seven.67, df=1, p=0.006). None of your other types of character illness is notably and you can surely in the intimate punishment, actual abuse, or any of the other types of trauma inside the youth/adolescence.
Stress into the Adulthood
The costs of connection with upheaval within the adulthood in subjects having and you may versus borderline personality illness are also revealed in Dining table dos. Borderline personality disease wasn’t somewhat on the actual physical violence, sexual physical violence, or any other types of stress when you look at the adulthood, as we grow old and you may sex controlled. Sufferers with paranoid personality diseases had been significantly more most likely as opposed to those in place of paranoid character problems getting educated bodily physical violence inside adulthood, as we age and you will sex managed (33 https://datingranking.net/fr/ios-fr/.0% in the place of 17.9%; ? 2 =4.84, df=1, p=0.03). People with paranoid personality infection in addition to had large prices out of injuries/burns (63.5% instead of 47.0%; ? 2 =cuatro.86, df=step one, p=0.03) and you may treat (9.5% rather than step 1.7%; ? 2 =six.forty eight, df=1, p=0.01) than those without any disease, but these differences weren’t statistically tall following the ramifications of multiple comparisons was controlled. Nothing of the other sorts of personality diseases is somewhat associated which have any injury from inside the adulthood.
Incidence regarding PTSD
This new lifetime prevalence out of PTSD within gang of victims is 17.8% (N=32). The newest cost regarding PTSD in females (19.0%, N=12) and you will people (17.1%, N=20) just weren’t somewhat other (? dos =0.eleven, df=1, p=0.74). PTSD is actually popular during the victims having paranoid (29%) and you can borderline (25%) character disorder, and the very least prominent during the victims with narcissistic (10%) and passive-aggressive (12%) personality problems. With the remaining form of identification disease, the newest incidence out-of PTSD varied of fourteen% to 18%. Victims that have and you may instead of PTSD did not differ within their total amount of identification illness diagnoses (mean=2.5, SD=step one.dos, versus suggest=2.4, SD=1.6; t=–0.36, df=178, p=0.72).